Holcim Lebanon: The Oldest Cement Company in Lebanon

Situated on the shore of Chekka bay, Holcim Lebanon, previously "Société des Ciments Libanais”, marked the starting point for one of the first industrial achievements in Lebanon. 

Throughout the years, SCL created a strong industrial tradition translated by its slogan "Tradition and Progress" and a logo under the name "Baalbeck" commonly known as "Al Kalaa". With time, the brand was well recognized and appreciated for over half a century, not just in Lebanon but also in many countries of the Middle East.

Below are the main milestones of Holcim Lebanon.

1929   “Société des Ciments Libanais” (SCL) was established as the first cement factory in Lebanon.

1931    SCL operated its first kiln with a capacity of 160 tons per day. 

1934    SCL sold the majority of its shares to a Swiss Group, known at the time as «Holderbank».

1935    Kiln number 2 was installed with a capacity of 330 tons per day.

1941    Coal, which was used for combustion and imported from Europe, was replaced by fuel oil that was provided by the local refineries. 

1948    A power plant was built and equipped with 4 generators of 700 kW each, a gas turbine of 3750 kW and a hydroelectric plant next to the river Joz with 3 turbines of 5500 kW. 


1949  Kiln number 3 was installed with a capacity of 330 tons per day. 

1951  Kiln number 4 was installed with a capacity of 480 tons per day.

1956 & 1957 The first kiln was replaced by a new one with a capacity of 900 tons per day. Total capacity of the plant increased to 2000 tons per day.

1960s   Essential facilities were installed such as conveyor belts to transport raw materials from the quarry site to the plant, four mills and underground tunnel to transport materials.

1968    Kiln number 5 was installed with a capacity of 1650 tons per day. Total capacity of the plant increased to 1,000,000 tons per year.


1974 – 1978  Plant Expansion Activities

Production capacity increased to reach 1.35 million tons per year.

1978   Kiln number 6 was installed with a capacity of 1,650 tons per day.

1982 - 1983    In order to significantly reduce heat and water consumption, production process of kilns number 1 and 4 was converted from wet process to semi-wet process by installing filter presses that allow to decrease the moisture content of the rawmeal from 40  to 19 .

1990s  Modernization of the plant

1997    Kiln number 7 was installed with a capacity of 5800 tons per day. The kiln is a dry process kiln equipped with a pre-heater and a pre-calciner with a combustion chamber. Compared with wet process kilns, heat consumtpion was reduced by 50 . All other kilns were shut down after 1997. Production capacity of the plant increased to 2.2. million tons per year. 


2001   Global branding of the Group. Holderbank was renamed Holcim Ltd. SCL was renamed Holcim Liban, hence acquired a new name and visual identity.  


2015   Holcim and Lafarge complete a global merger to create LafargeHolcim, the most advanced group in the building materials industry. The new Group brings together a combined experience of over 180 years in the cement, concrete and aggregates sectors and comprises over 115,000 employees operating in 90 countries around the world. Holcim Lebanon is now member of the Group LafargeHolcim.